19th October - 19th November 1978
As rural resistance to the new government increased the government arranged for a religious council in Kabul to declare a holy war (jihad) against the rebels. This resulted in the rebels declaring a holy war against the government, and their holy fighters were called the mujahdeen. This meant that their fighters could go into battle knowing that if they were killed that they would go straight to heaven (djena).
Later, on 17 October 1978 the government issued decree 7 which declared equality for women and banned the paying of bride prices. They also set the minimum age for marriage at 14.
A while earlier the goverment had also made land reforms which effected a lot of powerful landowners who then aligned with the restistance.
On 19 October 1978 the government issued the new flag which replaced the Islamic green with a whole red flag.
The result of these changes upset many people and restance in Pakatia, and other places, spread, with Afghan soldiers and Soviet advisors being killed. The conflict also gave rise to over 30,000 refugees, although it was noted that the number had to be taken in context as in 1975, rural violence had resulted in 170,000 refugees being displaced.
The refugees head to Pakistan.